Its 15-year long civil war and droughts have resulted in Mozambicans migrating to urban and coastal areas in search of employment. This migration contributes to adverse environmental consequences such as desertification and the pollution of inland and coastal waters.
Natural hazards such as droughts, cyclones and floods in central and southern provinces can present challenges for businesses looking to establish a presence in the country.
In terms of environmental agreements, Mozambique is a signatory, but not ratified, party to the Kyoto Protocol. Its focus, although proving challenging to achieve, is to protect biodiversity, address climate change, prevent desertification, protect endangered species, reduce hazardous waste, improve the laws of the sea, contribute to ozone layer protection, reduce ship pollution and protect its wetlands.
Measuring in at 801 537km2, Mozambique is the world's 36th-largest country and is comparable in size to Turkey. The country is divided into two topographical regions by the Zambezi River.
To the north of the Zambezi River, its narrow coastal strip gives way to inland hills and low plateaus, ideal for agriculture. Its rugged highlands are further west, which is sparsely populated compared to the northern regions.
Mozambique offers a tropical climate with two seasons, a wet season from October to March and a dry season from April to September. Climatic conditions, however, can vary depending on altitude; as rainfall is heavy along the coast and decreases in the north and south.