Uganda boasts an estimated population of nearly 38 million people (2015 estimate), with a corresponding population growth rate of 3.24%.
Its population is young, with the working-age population making up almost half of the population at around 18.5 million people.
Currently, only 18% of the country’s population reside in towns and cities, however, rapid urbanisation is happening throughout the country. The World Bank believes that capital city Kampala will become a megacity of more than 10 million people by 2040.
Public spending on health and education makes up a small percentage of GDP (2% and 3%, respectively, while formal health facilities are mostly provided by non-governmental organisations.
The main causes of death among adults in the country are Aids-related illnesses, tuberculosis, malaria and illnesses related to maternity. In an effort to improve its country’s health, the Ugandan government runs a comprehensive Aids information campaign for the general public.
Travelling to the country requires several precautionary measures be taken for cholera, diphtheria, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, malaria, meningococcal, meningitis, rabies, schistosomiasis (bilharzia), typhoid and yellow fever. The World Health Organisation has also recommended vaccination against yellow fever.
Both primary and secondary schooling is free in Uganda, however, the public schooling system is under-resourced and ongoing teacher absenteeism means 40% of classes are regularly cancelled. The quality of education for primary, secondary and tertiary students is therefore poor, which can be frustrating if you seek to employ skilled Ugandans in your business.
The liberalisation of the country’s economy, under its government’s auspices, has resulted in a period of rapid and stable economic growth and the emergence of an increasingly educated and socially conscious middle-class of spenders.
Here are a few more social factors to consider in your Uganda business plan:
- Uganda has one of the fastest-growing and most youthful populations in the world. The country’s population is expected to double by 2035
- The growing population will provide benefits in the form of an expanding consumer market, a large working-age labour pool, a declining dependency ratio and reduction of age-related welfare
- Expanding and improving the country’s infrastructure is required to grow the economy fast enough to accommodate the expanding labour force. The country’s rapidly growing population will put strain on social services, infrastructure and land resources